Lecce | 22-23 september 2016
Massimo Baldini prsents the Report about italian public finance 2016, a paper about the quality of government and subjective poverty in Europe and is the chair of the la session dedicated to WElfare State. Giovanni Gallo presents a paper about "Social transfers and poverty in Europe: comparing effectiveness and targeting across welfare regimes"
Quality of government and subjective poverty in Europe
Abstract. We study the effect of quality of government on subjective poverty across European regions, taking advantage of recently released data on the quality of public institutions at the regional level, and of information on household subjective poverty. In the analysis we try to separate the effects on perceived well-being of quantity and quality of public services, controlling for the size of the local government and for the receipt of in-kind services by each household of the sample. Results suggest that good governance significantly reduces the probability of being subjectively poor, both over the whole population and also among households that are poor in terms of monetary income. We then estimate the greater cost that a family has to bear in order to achieve a given level of welfare, if it lives in a region with inefficient public institutions. Our measure of this inefficiency cost is 6% of disposable income.
Keywords: Quality of government, subjective poverty, minimum income, European regions, poverty line
Social transfers and poverty in Europe: comparing social exclusion and targeting across welfare regimes.
Abstract. This paper studies whether there are systematic differences in the ability of cash transfers, belonging to different welfare systems, to reach the poor and to lift them out of poverty. We structure the analysis following the classic breakdown of the various European welfare states into welfare regimes, in search of specific features of them that can explain the variable results shown in the ability to effectively tackle economic poverty. The analysis is carried out both with a cross-sectional approach as well as using a more long-run definition of persistent poverty.
Keywords: Cash transfers, Poverty, Europe, Welfare Regimes, Persistent poverty